Taiwan, officially also called Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia. bordered by the People’s Republic of China to the west, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south.
Whether you are planning to visit Taiwan for a business trip, shopping trip, or simply a dream vacation with your friends or family, this island country offers many beautiful features from beaches to mountains, from charming rural scenery to luxury malls and shopping centers. Before visiting Taiwan, brush up your general knowledge of this country by reading this top 10 interesting facts about taiwan.
Capital City: Taipei
Largest City: New Taipei (3,970,000 Population)
Total Population: 23,477,000
TOP 10 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT TAIWAN
- Chinese Ghost Festival in Taiwan
Among many fun facts about Taiwan, this is probably one of the more morbid. This festival is held for an entire month, generally in August. This month corresponds with the seventh month in the Chinese calendar, which is said to be the month where the gates of hell are unlatched and ghosts are free to roam the earth. In this month, people flock to temples to pray and ask for protection and shoot fireworks to scare the ghosts away, among other rituals.
- Ilha Formosa
Taiwan has many names, but its most famous one is not written in Mandarin or Cantonese, but rather Portuguese. Portuguese merchants who saw it centuries ago dubbed it as Ilha Formosa, or Beautiful Island.
- First female World Peace Prize winner
The world’s first female World Peace Prize is the Taiwanese Lu Hsiu-lien, who became the vice president of Taiwan for the period of 2000 to 2008
- Highest mountain in northeast Asia
One of the less-known Taiwan facts is its biome diversity. While famous for its beaches, Taiwan’s Jade mountain is the highest in northeast Asia. The mountain is nearly 13000ft tall.
- 14 aboriginal tribes
Taiwan hosts fourteen officially recognized aboriginal tribes, each with their own aboriginal language.
- Musical garbage trucks
One thing that often surprises tourists is the country’s garbage disposal system. There is barely any public garbage cans, and people simply toss their garbage to a garbage truck making its round in the neighborhood, complete with its own jingle.
- Dragon ornaments
Dragons play a huge role in Chinese mythology, and this is reflected in the architecture of Taiwan. Anything from a dragon sculpture to decorate a temple’s roof to a dragon mural, Taiwan gets you covered.
- Night markets
One of the things you will see quite often in Taiwan when you are wandering around at night is its night markets. You can simply walk around and enjoy it, or buy anything from toys to clothes to food to souvenirs for your friends and family back home in these night markets.
- Baseball as national sports
The United States is not the only country to have a long history and relationship with baseball. Baseball is Taiwan’s national sports, and they won their first little league world championship in 1995.
- Authentic historical museums
Taiwan is also relatively famous for its many historical museums, which prominently display historical artifacts from ancient dynasties. Their museums hold in total over 35,000 artifacts from around the world. Exhibitions, particularly on gems such as jade as well as paintings and sculpture, are held regularly, and are always popular with tourists.