The Republic of Estonia is a country in Northern Europe and is one of the three Baltic states bordered by y the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia . Across the Baltic Sea lies Sweden in the west and Finland in the north. This region has been inhabited since 6,500 BCE. The country has more than 1,500 islands, is very rich in culture and heritage and is blessed with natural beauty. The landscapes are very beautiful. Since it was a part of the Soviet Union, it has numerous castles, fortresses, and churches Not only are they beautiful, but the government also considers its responsibility to maintain this natural beauty. Let’s learn more about the Republic of Estonia through some interesting facts.
Quick Estonia Facts
Total population: 1.325 million (2013) – Largest city and Capital: Tallinn – What are people from Estonia called: Estonians – Currency: Euro
Religion: Orthodox (16.2%), Lutheran (9.9%), none (54.1%),
Independence day: February 24, 1918 – Main exports: Machinery and equipment, wood and paper, food products, textiles, metals and chemical products, and furniture
Top 13 Fun and Interesting Facts About Estonia
- Estonia is very advanced in terms of technology. It was the very first country in the world that moved to online voting for elections. Not only did it move to online voting, but Estonia is also the home of many popular software programs like Skype and Kazaa.
- The literacy rate is very high in Estonia. You will not believe it that the literacy rate of Estonia is 99.8%. This is one of the highest rates in the world.
- Ever heard of a country with more than one capital? If not, read carefully. Estonia has more than one recognized capitals. While Tallinn is the official one, there are several other that change throughout the year.
- The Republic of Estonia celebrates two independence days. The first independence was from the Russians on 24 February 1918, and the second one is called the restoration of independence, which is dated 20 August 1991.
- 5% of Estonia’s area is covered by forests and the population here is very low at 1.3 million. As a result, it is one of the least populated countries in the world.
- Even though, Estonia is a small country in Europe, but not the smallest. Slovenia, Switzerland, Holland, and Denmark are smaller than Estonia. Population-wise, it may seem more insignificant as there are only 32 people per square kilometer. If you put together Massachusetts and New Hampshire, you get the size of Estonia!
- There are two weird sports that are played in Estonia. One is kiiking and the other is wife carrying. In kiiking, you hold yourself with a standing steel wing. Then you have to rotate 360 degrees by using your body motion. In wife carrying, you actually carry your wife and run on the track. Another, not real sport but, one of the funny Estonia facts is that there is a particular competition called the Otepää sauna marathon! It is very popular during winters and involves orienteering with saunas. Saunas are used a lot in the country; many houses have their own and use it at least once a week.
- One thing is for sure: you save a lot of money on transport. In Estonia, all public transport is free, which means good savings.
- In terms of heritage, the country has two UNESCO World Heritage sites. One is the historic town of Tallinn, which is known for its medieval architecture, and the other is the Struve Geodetic Arc.
- The oldest church in the country is made of wood in 1644, but the people of Estonia are not religious at all. They hardly go to the church. According to a poll, only 16% of the population considers religion to be an important part of life.
- One of the fun facts about Estonia is that it has the biggest group of folk songs in the world. The people of Estonia love to sing and have almost 133,000 written records of folk songs. This is the biggest collection of folk songs in the world.
- Estonia has the largest amount of supermodels in the world. It would be difficult to name all of them, but Karmen Pedaru and Carmen Kass are amongst them.
- The tallest mountain in the country is Suur Munamägi. It is almost 1000-foot (318m) tall and has the highest peak in the entire Baltic area.
All these facts are indeed interesting and if you are thinking of immigrating to Estonia, there is one caveat. Estonia does not accept dual nationalities.