Australia also officially called the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is Neighboured by Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east, and New Zealand to the south-east.
Australia is the name of a country as well as a continent, and it’s surrounded by the Pacific and Indian oceans. The country is known for its Great Barrier Reef, Sydney Opera House, and the vast Outback. Unique animal species such as kangaroos and duck-billed platypuses are only found in Australia. Here are some interesting Australia facts.
40Fun And Interesting Facts About Australia
1. Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide are its major cities, and all these cities are coastal cities. However, its capital Canberra is an inland city and is nicknamed the Bush Capital.
2. Occupying an entire continent of over 7.6 million square kilometers, Australia is the world’s 6th largest country.
3. Australia also has the 3rd largest ocean territory in the world that spans three oceans and covers 12 million square kilometers.
4. Vegetation in the country covers nearly 91% of its land, which is approximately 7 million square kilometers.
5. Australia is abundant in Greeks and the second largest Greek population after Athens, Greece is found in Melbourne, Victoria.
6. Most of Australia’s exotic and unique flora and fauna can’t be found in any other parts of the world.
7. Australia’s indigenous “Dreamtime” is the foundation for thousands of years of spiritual and aboriginal art, legends, traditions, myths, culture and folklore.
8. Australia is the only nation-continent of the world with over 20 million people.
9. In 1912, Australia adopted the golden wattle as its national floral emblem.
10. Australian Natives’ Association (ANA) that was formed back in 1871 in Victoria is the first Australian Friendly Society with a motto of “Advance Australia.”
11. 80% of the Australian population lives within 100 kilometers of the Australian coast, which makes Australia the most urbanized coastal-dwelling country.
12. Australians speak over 200 different languages and dialects which also include 45 indigenous languages. Italian, Greek, Arabic, Cantonese, Vietnamese and Mandarin are the most common languages after English.
13. Australia also has the highest proportion of migrant settlers among the developed nations of the world. Almost 25% of Australians are born in other countries.
14. It is the most multicultural country in the world with migrants and indigenous people from over 200 countries.
15. Its unique flora and fauna truly form an amazing ecosystem including ancient rock formations, beautiful beaches, and pristine rainforests.
16. Professor Macfarlane Burnet earned the inaugural Australian of the Year award in the same year that he was awarded the Nobel Prize for his groundbreaking work in physiology research.
17. Today’s Australians debate to change the flag because of the British Union Jack’s prominence in it and how it doesn’t reflect the contemporary Australian society.
18. Australia features 16 world heritage sites including cities, landscapes, and historic townships.
19. 1988 was the Year of Mourning for Australia’s Aboriginals. It’s also regarded as a celebration of survival when the Aboriginal community performed a 5 km march in Sydney for freedom, justice, and hope.
20. Australia was a beer-drinking nation, and the stereotype still lives on, but the quaffing plunged to a 65-year low in the year 2010-2011 as only 4.23 liters were consumed per person.
21. Lowitja O’Donoghue delivered the first milestone address on the National Australia Day on 26th Jan 2000. She also received the Order of Australia award in 1976 and the Australian of the Year award in 1984.
22. The Aboriginal game of marngrook inspired Australian Football rules and while it was invented in Sydney, the game became hugely popular in Victoria.
23. In 1902, Australia became the second country in the world to give the right to vote to women.
24. Australia also has the biggest cattle station in the world called Anna Creek Station. It’s located in South Australia and is over 34,000 square kilometers, even larger than Belgium.
25. With the highest rate of gambling in the world, over 80% of Australians engage in gambling of some sort and up to 20% of poker machines in the world are present in Australia.
26. Australia Day is a celebration of Australian society’s diversity and tolerance and the embracing of all ethnic backgrounds, political viewpoints, and racial differences.
27. Kangaroos can only be found in Australia. Kangaroo meat is easily purchasable from the butchers and supermarkets and is available on restaurant menus. It serves as a healthier and leaner alternative to lamb or beef with only 1-2% of fat content.
28. Despite being a sport loving nation, Australia is the world’s most obese country as of 2012 with over 26% obesity rate.
29. A rather uknown fact: Australia produces 1.35 trillion bottles of wine every year.
30. Kevin Rudd, the former Prime Minister of Australia, gave a national apology to the Indigenous Australians in 2007, and it’s considered as a major milestone in the reconciliation between Australians.
31. The influence of the old White Australia Policy was first broken by Gough Whitlam’s Labor Government, and it adopted a broader approach to citizenship and opened migration to the Middle East and Asia.
32. Australian TV networks are airing cooking shows one after another after the success of MasterChef and My Kitchen Rules.
33. Interestingly and funnily enough, Canberra was selected as the Australian capital only because Sydney and Melbourne couldn’t stop arguing about which should be the capital city of Australia. This is one of the funny facts about Australia
34. Australians refer to the English people “POME” which is an acronym for the Prisoners of Mother England.
35. Melbourne was titled the Most Liveable City in the world for two years in a row since 2011 by topping 140 rivals.
36. Australia is the only country in the world where you can find the lungfish. It’s a living fossil from the Triassic Period about 350 million years ago.
37. Despite its convict colony history, Australia’s homicide rate is 1.2 per 100,000 people compared to United States’ rate of 6.3 per 100,000 people.
38. Being the sports capital of the world, Australia’s 70% population participates in recreational activities and sports at least once a week.
39. 80% of the Australian population believes that Australia has a very strong identity and culture that is characterized by being friendly and down to earth, honesty, multiculturalism and sports.
40. Australia has the longest Road Trains (Trucks) in the world.
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